Bertel Thorvaldsen (1768 or 1770-1844), Danish sculptor. He studied at the Academy of Arts in Copenhagen (1781-1793, from 1833 its president); in 1797-1838 he worked in Naples and Rome, where he studied ancient plastic art and works of Raphael, from 1825 he was president of the Roman Academy of St. Luke.
The works of Thorvaldsen, one of the greatest masters of late European classicism, are distinguished by strict harmony of composition, calmness of generalized forms, emphasized by the virtuoso processing of marble (Jason, 1802-1803, Thorvaldsen Museum, Copenhagen; portrait statue of E.A. Osterman-Tolstoy, circa 1815 –1819, State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg).
At the same time, the cold abstraction and impassive idealization of images made Thorvaldsen the leader of academism in sculpture of the first half of the 19th century.